What is one early and one subsequent motive that drove Columbus to oppress indigenous people?
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Zinn suggests that one reason early reason why Columbus oppressed indigenous people was out of fear of "the other." In landing in what he thought to be India, Columbus initially feared those who were there, believing that they stood in the way of his conquest and eventual glory. It is in this where the subsequent motive for oppression happened. This became the drive for wealth and the desire to control. Columbus understood that he could gain more money and accumulation of wealth if he took the natural resources he found, including the people he found there. The emergence of enslavement and oppression was driven by material reality. This desire for material reality was subsequent to the initial motive which was fear of a new element.
The combination of initial fear and subsequent coveting of wealth helped to establish the narrative of Columbus' oppression of the indigenous people. It is in this regard that Zinn introduces that a significant part of the American narrative involved the need to dominate and control others to substantiate individual gain.
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