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According to Catherine Scott's chapter entitled "Tradition and Gender in Modernization Theory" (from Gender and Development: Rethinking Modernization and Dependency), there are three things which need discussion when examining women and modernization: 1) "the unconscious and pervasive psychological preoccupation with separation and differentiation from the household"; 2) "reliance on public and private distinction in discussions of modernity and tradition"; and 3) "reliance upon a evolutionary model" (23-24).
Essentially, Scott defines consequences for women in modernization as being founded on "deeply held masculinist and dualist views of the world" (24), with one consequence in particular being the flatness of women's characterization: "they are presented in remarkably flat terms universally oppressed by men and family" (25). Scott goes on to state that women (in modernization discussions) are typically "invisible, treated paternalistically" (24) and as a result the consequence exists whereby "modern man" resists women taking nontraditional roles in psychosocial dimensions (26).
Conversations about women and modernizaiton need to examine the defining of the "place" of the woman given that her historical "place" has been defined by men.
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