What is a multi-party system?
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A multi-party system in politics is a system of government in which more than two political parties truly have a chance to get real political power. This means that more than two parties have a chance to either govern on their own or to be part of a coalition government (as the Liberal Democrats and the Tories are part of a coalition government in England right now).
Multi-party systems are different from one-party and two-party systems. A one-party system is like China's -- it is basically not a competitive democracy because only one party has any chance at power. A two-party system is like that of the United States. There can be many parties (as there are in the US) but only two of them are relevant and can hope to gain power. By contrast, in a multi-party system (such as that of Germany or Israel) many parties can hope to have some share of the power.
A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition.
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