What motto does Old Major give the animals?

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pirateteacher | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Associate Educator

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In chapter 1 of Orwell's Animal Farm Old Major garners support from the farm animals with two mottoes.  These mottoes are used to draw the animals together in a camaraderie against the humans and together with Old Major's vision for their future.

" All men are enemies. All Animals are comrades."

" Whatever goes upon two legs, is an enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend."

Old Major (a prize winning board) seeks to unite the animals with tales of similar abuse and torment at the hands of their human beings, and points to the man, Mr. Jones, as the source of their hardships and problems. While he does motivate and warn the other animals, he is finally forced to confess that his life was not that bad and that he often had it much easier than his fellow farm animals.  Three days after his speech, Old Major dies in his sleep.


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