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What is morphology? Morphs/allomorphs and morphemes? What's the difference between...

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am2 | Student, College Freshman | (Level 3) eNoter

Posted April 17, 2011 at 4:37 PM via web

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What is morphology? Morphs/allomorphs and morphemes? What's the difference between them?

can you site examples each?

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vfreed | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Adjunct Educator

Posted April 22, 2011 at 12:18 PM (Answer #1)

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Morphology is the study of the words and their structure.  Morphology focuses on the various morphemes that make up a word.  A morpheme is the smallest unit of a word that has meaning, so basically it referring to prefixes, suffices, and root words which all have their own independent definitions.

For example:

morph means to change

logy - is the study or science of

A morph is the phonetic realization of that morpheme, or in plain English, the way it sounds.

An allomorph is an example of a morph.  It examines an individual morpheme more closely looking at its various phonologies, or sounds.

For example:

  • [-s] as in [hQts] 'hats'
  • [-z] as in [d&u0254;gz] 'dogs'
  • [«z] as in [bŒks«z] 'boxes'

 

Hope this helps,

 

 

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