What Is The Medical Term For "Heart Attack"?
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The medical term for "heart attack" is myocardial infarction. During a heart attack, blood flow is reduced through one of the main arteries, resulting in the death of many heart muscle cells.
Heart attacks are among the leading causes of death in the United States; 33 percent of heart attack victims die within 20 days after the attack. Almost half of those deaths occur immediately, before the patient even arrives at the hospital. The actual recovery rate varies with the size and location of the arterial blockage and extent of damage. The possibility of recovery from a heart attack improves if vigorous treatment begins immediately.
Sources: Diseases and Disorders Handbook, pp. 491-96; Professional Guide to Diseases, 4th ed., pp. 1069-73.
The medical term for a heart attack is AMI, acute myocardial infarction. AMI's can be precipitated by several conditions such as coronary artery disease, cardiac arrythmia, or hyperlipidemia. In myocardial infarction tissue death in the heart occurs. If the area of tissue death is extensive the person might die. On the other hand, if the area of tissue death is minimal the person may survive.
CAD, or coronary artery disease, is a major causitive factor in AMI. The coronary arteries become sclerosed due to atherosclerotic plaque buidup in the inside lining of the blood vessels. Disturbances in cardiac rhytmn can also cause a heart attack. These disturbances are usually related to potassium and sodium levels. Hyperlipidemia can also play a role in heart disease. Too many circulating lipids in the blood tends to increase the odds of a lethal cardiac event. There is also somewhat new evidence that chronic inflammatory states increase the risk of heart disease and myocardial infarction.
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