What is meant by exurban migration?
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The term "exurban migration" is the same as what is sometimes called "reverse migration." This is migration in which, instead of moving from more rural areas to an urban core, businesses and residents move out of a central city to communities that are outside the central city's ring of suburbs.
In the past, the trend was for businesses and people to centralize. Big cities grew up because of this trend. Exurbs (wealthy area beyond the suburbs) tended to empty and become, at most, bedroom communities or commuter towns. However, in the past few decades (in the United States, at least) this trend has reversed. The idea of living in a central city or of having a business located in such an area has become less popular. As this has happened, suburbs and even exurbs have boomed.
Exurban migration, then, is this "reverse" movement out of the cities and into relatively distant, exurban communities.
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