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I couldn't find much on the origin of the word "peroxisome", but did managed to find out what they do. The are small organelles in eukaryotic cells that basically assist in energy production by taking long chains of fatty acids and dividing them into shorter chain fatty acids. These shorter chain fatty acids are then taken to the mitochondria, where they are further reduced to carbond dioxide and water and energy, which is stored in the form of adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. Peroxisomes are some of the end stages of digestion of food, where the concept is to take something large and reduce it at various stages to smaller, more manageable units, until finally it is able to be processed into energy at the cellular level. Glucose is the main simple sugar that is used in the cells mitochondria to manufacture energy.
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