What is the main theme of 'Beowulf'? Has this theme been sustained from the beginning to the end? Explain.
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If it can be stated as such, the main "theme" of Beowulf deals with honour and bravery, according to a code of ethics precursing the feudal code of medieval times. The values exemplified in 'Beowulf' focus on the consensus of 'allegience for protection' but more in terms of a lord's duty to his vassals than the other way around.
As 'Beowulf' is the most ancient verse known in English literature, the story line, including of course character development, must be historically and culturally decoded for an appropriate appraisal. The same goes for the values and code of conduct embraced. As a teacher, I find the aspect of the heroic boast the most interesting element of the story.
As to your second question, the fact that in the end Beowulf dies takes some of the hot air out of the exaggerated proportion ('bigger-tha-life') typical of the epic hero stereotype. In the same breath, his death makes him more human, and therefore easier to identify with.
Below you will find more information concerning 'Beowulf' and its 'message' in historical context.
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