What are the main points of the U.S. Constitution?
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There are a number of main points to the US Constitution. While different lists of such main points may include different things, the following five things are very important.
- Popular government. The Constitution guarantees us the right to elect the people who make up our government. Over the years, this right has expanded to where we now get to elect the president and all of Congress and to where various groups can vote even though they could not do so previously.
- Separation of powers. The government is divided into three parts (branches) with different powers for each part.
- Checks and balances. Each of the branches of government has the ability to check the other branches. For example, even though the legislature has the right to make laws, the president may veto those laws.
- Federalism. The powers of the government are split between the federal government and the state governements.
- Limited government. The government is meant to have a hard time taking away people’s rights. This is partly accomplished through separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism. It is also accomplished through specific protections such as are found in the Bill of Rights.
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