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I see that you have tagged this with "Chapter 17" so I assume that you are asking about the argument between John the Savage and Mustapha Mond in that chapter. If so, I think that the main argument against the new society is that it takes away people's humanity.
I think that John's major argument against the brave new world is summed up pretty well in this long quote:
"You got rid of them. Yes, that's just like you. Getting rid of everything unpleasant instead of learning to put up with it. Whether 'tis better in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles and by opposing end them … But you don't do either. Neither suffer nor oppose. You just abolish the slings and arrows. It's too easy."
What John is saying is that the civilization has gotten rid of everything that is difficult. But it is difficult things that really make us human. Love is not easy to come by. We can have difficulties finding the right person to love and our relationships are not always easy. But things like that are what make our lives worth living.
So the major argument against the society is that it has destroyed everything that made life worth living.
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