What is a literary movement?
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The term "literary movement" simply refers to a period of time in which many authors followed similar patterns of writing or used similar subjects or approaches. Literary movements frequently were shaped by contemporary events and influences upon the authors whose names became associated with a particular movement. The actual naming of a "literary movement" as such often did not occur until years later, when readers could look back and recognize the similarities between authors and written works.
Some examples of literary movements could include Romanticism, which developed as a reaction to the Enlightenment in Europe and includes Victor Hugo and Lord Byron among its authors; American Romanticism, which emphasized influences from American history and is exemplified by works of Nathaniel Hawthorne and Washington Irving; and Transcendentalism, in which Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau advocated individual freedom from technology.
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