What literary devices are found in chapters 23& 24 of To Kill a Mockingbird?I need specifics. like personifications. ect. not just like "humor" i really have trouble with this, and i've been...

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  • Chapter 23 of To Kill a Mockingbird presents a flashback (actually a flashback within a flashback) in which Stephanie Crawford narrates the spitting incident involving Bob Ewell and Atticus.
  • Another device is metaphor (or analogy) in which Bob is compared to a soldier, while Atticus is described for his peaceful ways:

Mr. Ewell was a veteran of an obscure war

  • Other metaphorical language includes:

Jem, see if you can stand in Bob Ewell’s shoes a minute

  • There is also much color imagery in Chapter 23 (black, white, rainbow):

The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in a courtroom, be he any color of the rainbow, but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into a jury box. As you grow older, you’ll see white men cheat black men every day of your life, but let me tell you something and don’t you forget it— whenever a white man does that to a black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or how fine a family he comes from, that white man is trash...

There's also symbolism (pocket watch symbolizes "time"):

Atticus’s fingers went to his watchpocket. “No it didn’t,” he said, more to himself than to us. “That was the one thing that made me think, well, this may be the shadow of a beginning. That jury took a few hours. An inevitable verdict, maybe, but usually it takes ‘em just a few minutes. This time—”

Chapter 24 contains much verbal irony.  Here's a classic case of understatement (pointing out the obvious for comic effect):

“Where are your britches today?”

“Under my dress.”

There's a simile:

Mrs. Merriweather played her voice like an organ

And situational irony (the unexpected happens):

I’d let Tom Robinson go so quick the Missionary Society wouldn’t have time to catch its breath.

Tom's dead.




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