What are the literary devices for stanza 9 and ten ?

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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  • In stanza 10 there is alliteration: "Nothng father then he uttered--not a feather then he fluttered." Here there is the repetion of the sound of the letter f.  
  • In both stanzas there is repetition, too, with the last line acting as a refrain. (...."Nevermore.")
  • In both stanzas there is parallelism as the last lines 4-5. and the second-to-last lines each contain the repetition of a word:  "chamber door" in stanza 9; "flown before" (ll.,58-59)
  • In stanza 9 there is assonance in the repetition of the "o" sound
  • In stanza 10 there is cosonance with the repetition of  "s" sound.
  • Stanza 10 has personification:  "my Hopes have flown"
  • The meter of the lines of both stanzas is trochaic octometer ( a trochee is the opposite of an iamb:  two unstressed syllables are followed by an unstressed syllable--eight of them make octometer)
  • In the first and third lines of each stanza there is internal rhyme:  "ungainly fowl" rhymes with "plainly" ; "lonely' rhyme with "only" and "farther" with "feather."
  • The final word of every line has either an internal rhyme or an end rhyme.


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