What Literary Devices does Hemingway use in the book The Old Man and The Sea?
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Hemingway uses a variety of literary devices throughout The Old Man and the Sea as he creates word pictures to tell the story of Santiago's world and of his great struggle.
Some would say that the entire story is an allegory, comparing Santiago to Jesus in his suffering. Alliteration is featured when Hemingway describes the "flying fish" and the "full-blooded fish" he caught. Alliteration and onomatopoeia are both present in describing how fish "left the water and the hissing that their stiff set wings made as they soared away."
Hemingway uses similes in passages such as "The clouds over the land now rose like mountains." When Hemingway says the Portuguese man-of-war "floated cheerfully as a bubble" or when Santiago goes past "a great island of Sargasso weed that heaved and swung in the light sea as though the ocean were making love with something under a yellow blanket," he is using personification. Santiago talks to himself at times, with his monologues including Spanish words and phrases at times.
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