In Siddhartha, what lessons do the Samanas teach Siddhartha?
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The Samanas, at first, teach Siddhartha to reject other things in life for the temperance of his body. He is able to sit back and learn that he has the ability to mentally endure starvation to gain control of his mental intellect. Siddhartha learns patience and that if he searches for innner peace he will have it. They teach him to abandon the need to own things and that materialism does not bring happiness.
Siddhartha later comes to question their teachings and leaves the sect because he sees that the eldest of the Samanas has not ever found the total enlightenment which he has sought. Through Siddhartha's journey he experiences many different things. Finally, he comes full circle and realizes that he spent too much time searching so hard to find that which was his to have all along. The teachings of the Samanas have shown him that to be satisfied is the inner peace.
They don't really teach him anything but he learns that he cannot learn from them and chooses to move on.
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