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There are a number of types of job designs that can be effective in motivating employees. Some of them include:
- Designs that enlarge the job. These designs give workers more different kinds of tasks to do. These can make the job more interesting and therefore more motivating.
- Designs that simplify the job. This is somewhat paradoxical since the previous sort of design enlarged the job and this narrows it down. But if a job is too complex, simplifying it can motivate an employee by making their job seem less overwhelming.
- Designs that enrich the job. These designs give workers tasks that are generally assigned to people at a higher level. For example, a non-management employee might be given some jobs usually handled by management. This motivates employees by helping them to feel more important and more valued.
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