What is a human being?
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Christian theologians refer to humans as having an immaterial and material part (a body and a soul or human spirit). Man is spoken of as being created in the image of God meaning that man is like God in some ways and represents God. We are like God 1) in the fact that we have an inner sense of right and wrong that sets us apart from animals. 2) We not only have's physical bodies but also spirits which means we have a spiritual life that enables us to relate to God as persons. 3) We engage in rational thought and use complex abstract language. 4) We are relational and have a sense of community with each other. 5) We have a complexity of emotions which means that we can feel almost simultaneously happy, thankful, irritated, or sad. All of this is a part of being uniquely a human being and sets us apart from other beings or things in the universe. (see Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology, pp. 440 - 450.)
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