What is honey in terms of composition?
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Honey is a thick syrupy sweet liquid which is made by bees from nectar collected from flowers and used as food. The honey made by bees is collected by humans and used a sweetener and flavouring agent in their food.
Process of honey making starts with bees sucking nectar from flowers and storing it in a nectar pouch in their bodies, The nectar collected by bees contains sucrose, which is broken down in the nectar pouch in about equal amounts of fructose and glucose. Bees also add some enzymes to the nectar in the pouch to give honey its typical flavour.
The nectar is then deposited by bees in the hives, On evaporation ow water from this nectar in the hives, it becomes honey.
In addition of fructose and glucose, the honey also contains some other nutrients such as vitamins and mineral salts. The exact composition of different ingredients in honey, and its colour and flavour is dependent on the type of flower from which the nectar is collected.
According to the U.S. National Honey Board, "honey stipulates a pure product that does not allow for the addition of any other substance… this includes, but is not limited to, water or other sweeteners." Very few other micro-organisms grow in honey due to its low water content.
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