What happens in the rising action, climax, and the resolution of the conflict in "Hamlet"?
What idea does the author convey to the reader?
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In "Hamlet," after the prince has learned that his uncle has killed his father in order to marry his mother and become king, Hamlet is faced with a moral dilemma: He does not know whether to serve justice, as urged by his father's ghost, in this corrupt world without sacrificing his moral integrity. ("To be or not to be")
Claudius and Gertrude seek the reason for Hamlet's "madness"; the king plans to send Hamlet to England. Meanwhile, Hamlet exposes the king's guilt with a play. But, Hamlet delays killing Claudius who is at prayer, and accidentally drives his sword through Polonius whom he mistakes for the king. Ophelia, the daughter, goes insane after Hamlet leaves for England where he is to be killed, but the prince rewrites the letters to have two others killed instead. Ophelia dies and Laertes returns, throws himself upon her casket, asking to be buried with her.
The climax is In Act V, Scene ii: Claudius invites Hamlet to fence with Laertes; Hamlet accepts, saying "readiness is all," and maintaining his belief in fate. Gertrude drinks from a poisoned cup intended for Hamlet. Hamlet and Laertes exchange rapiers; with a poisoned tip on the foil of Hamlet, Laertes, dying tells him, "The king's to blame." Hamlet turns the foil on Claudius.
In the resolution Hamlet drinks from the cup, and dies (reiterating the theme of death) after endorsing Fortinbras as the next King of Denmark.
The incentive moment in the play "Hamlet" happens in Act 1, Scene 5 when the Ghost tells Hamlet of his murder. Hamlet must get revenge for the murder of his father.
Hamlet is reasonable and wants to find out if the ghost is his father or a devil. During the rising action Hamlet comes up with a plan to find out if Claudius murdered his father. He enrolls the help of traveling players to act out the murder of King Hamlet.
The climax of the play is in Act 3, Scene 2 when King Claudius reacts to the play affirming the ghost's message. At this point Hamlet knows he must kill Claudius and the play begins to unravel.
The resolution of the play is found in Act 5 scene 2. Horatio tells Fortinbras that Hamlet needs to be honored and that he will explain the story of the House of Denmark and the Great Tragedy that has happened. Horatio emphasizes the causes of the tragedy.
Shakespeare conveys several ideas to the reader:
Reason vs. Passion
The great faculties of man vs. The shared destiny of man (death)
The fear of death and an unbearable life.
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