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Hamlet is a play about conflict, both external and internal. Externally, Claudius, Prince Hamlet's uncle, and Gertrude, his mother, have comitted horrific crimes. Claudius has murdered King Hamlet and Gertrude has betrayed her husband by marrying Claudius. Internally, Hamlet must struggle with wanting to avenge his father's murder, not feeling ready to assume the throne, and his own bravery to accomplish what needs to be done: exposing Claudius and his mother and letting the spirit of his father rest in peace. You can find much more information about Hamlet, the characters, and summary and analysis of the acts and scenes at the link below. Here is an excerpt from the eNotes introduction to Hamlet:
Shakespeare’s focus on this conflict was a revolutionary departure from contemporary revenge tragedies, which tended to graphically dramatize violent acts on stage, in that it emphasized the hero’s dilemma rather than the depiction of bloody deeds.
Shakespeare conveys the general idea that man should not be timid and he should not surrender before dejection.He should be careful and conscious in every work.He should not be blind must know uses and abuses.ok,he has great love for some one, he should not be blind but should use his wit and implement every thing with consciousness.He is of the opinion that dispondency is a great disease and man should get rid of it with patience.This world does not like the persons who wish to commit suicide in order to escape from the world. Such people are not chanted.But those people who accept everything as existentialism and bear it on their shoulders till their solutions,they are indeed real man.It is Hamlet that he observes all and though he dies while killing his enemy Claudius, the audience shares sympathies.
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