What are the four or five examples of different literary devices being used in Juliet's soliloquy before she drinks the potion (Act 4 Scene 3 Line 14-58).Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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After the Nurse and Lady Capulet have left her in Act IV, Scene 3, Juliet is alone with her thoughts about drinking from the vial; naturally, she expresses aloud her concerns that it may not work to put her in a trance, or it may work too well and kill her. 

1. metaphor : "heat of life" is compared to her blood.

As the "faint cold fear thrills through [her] veins," Juliet feels that they almost freeze the "heat of life" leaving her. (l.17)

2. personification:  the catacomb vault to which Juliet will be taken is spoken of as having a "mouth."

Shall I not then be stifled in the vault,

To whose foul mouth no healthsome air breathes in, (ll. 365-36)

3.  simile:  comparison of a "kinsman's bone" with "a club" using the word as. Juliet worries that if she wakes from the potion taken in the vial, she might go crazy from being placed in the tomb where she may be surrounded by the skeletons of her kinsmen: 

And pluck the mangled Tybalt from his shroud,
And, in this rage, with some great kinsman's bone
As with a club dash out my desp'rate brains? (ll 53-55) 

4. apostrophe : Apostrophe is the addressing of someone or some abstract not physically present.  At the end of her soliloquy, Juliet talks to Tybalt and Romeo in her mind.

O, look! methinks I see my cousin's ghost
Seeking out Romeo, that did spit his body
Upon a rapier's point. Stay, Tybalt, stay!
Romeo, I come! this do I drink to thee.(ll 57-60)










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