What are four examples of metaphors in The Kite Runner?

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Examples of metaphors in Khaled Hosseini's novel, The Kite Runner, include:

  • SCARS.  Many of the characters have physical scars: Baba's back, from where he was attacked by a bear; Hassan's harelip; and Assef's scars received from the Russians are just a few. But there are mental scars as well: Amir's regrets for his transgressions against Hassan; Baba's guilt (shown through his philanthropy) over his family secrets; and Soraya's guilt for causing her mother's stroke. They all serve as a larger metaphor for the scars that the nation of Afghanistan receives during its wars against the Russians and the Taliban. 
  • KITES.  The kite serves as a metaphor in several ways--for the innocence of youth, freedom (the Taliban later bans kite-flying), the need for attention (especially the blue kite with which Amir wins the tournament), and at the end, the peace between Amir and Sohrab..
  • POMEGRANATE TREE.  The tree where Amir and Hassan meet as children represents their innocence, friendship and even shelter. When Amir returns years later, it is dying; only the memory of the children's time together remains, as their still visible carvings symbolizes. 
  • DREAMS.  Amir's dreams and nightmares serve as a metaphor for facing one's fears as well as for his aspirations and desires.
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