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What are the forces that cause rock to break down?nothing

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glenn14 | Student, Grade 9 | eNotes Newbie

Posted November 24, 2008 at 5:49 PM via web

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What are the forces that cause rock to break down?

nothing

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enotechris | College Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

Posted November 24, 2008 at 8:19 PM (Answer #1)

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In a word, erosion. The action of the weather on exposed rock surfaces exposes them to water in its various states (solid ice, liquid water, and if you deep enough underground where the temperature increases, steam) and the transition of water from one state to another causes it to expand (solid ice) and contract (liquid water.) So when water gets into a rock's crevices, the climate changes can slowly begin splitting it apart. On the surface, the water can begin to wear away the rock face and expose another layer, which in turn may be worn away. Where there is not a lot of weather variation, there's less erosion, and therefore older rocks. An extreme case are the rocks on the moon--with no weather, there's no erosion, and no wearing away--so moon rocks are nearly as they were when the moon was formed.

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liln8ve | Student, Undergraduate | Honors

Posted November 26, 2008 at 8:00 AM (Answer #2)

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Weather and time are 2 of the biggest reasons for the break down of rock. Rain and snow cause the rock to become smooth and slowly break into smaller pieces and carried somewhere else. Time changes everthing.

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