In Les Misérables, what are the five social problems that Victor Hugo presents?

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Five social problems that can be found in Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables are: 1) The government implements unfair and unjust punishment punishment. For example, Jean Valjean was imprisoned for 19 years for merely stealing a loaf of bread to feed his eight starving nieces and nephews.  2) There exists a lack of legal rights for the bottom rung of society.  For example, Fantine is arrested for being a prostitute.  3) The government implements unfair treatment of women.  For example, Fantine was fired from working in the factory when it became known that she was caring for her daughter that was born out of wedlock.  Of course, being fired led to Fantine becoming a prostitute in order to provide for her daughter.  4) The government mistreats the working class.  5) The government does not care and provide for the poor.  

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