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There are many types of cases which can be adjudicated by the Federal court system. Any federal crime can be handled and a few examples are: Appeals from lower courts, Disputes between the states, Immigration issues, Federal Crimes ( insider trading, stock fraud) Tax Fraud, US Law, Treaties with Foreign Governments and cases interpreting the Constitution.
Other examples of cases tried in federal court are bank robbery when the robbery occurs in a bank insured by a federal agency. Income tax evasion is another, any crimes committed on federal reservations, air piracy, racketeering, discrimination cases, white slavery, interstate banking fraud, international and interstate transportation of illegal drugs. Finally, crimes committed that cross state lines involve multiple jurisdictions, so the FBI becomes involved and the case goes to federal court.
The federal courts are courts of "limited" jurisdiction because they may only decide certain types of cases. These are provided by Congressional authority or as identified in the Constitution. Federal courts decide cases concerning the constitutionality of a law, cases involving the laws and treaties of the U.S.; ambassadors and public ministers; disputes between two or more states; admiralty law (law of United States coastal waters) and bankruptcy cases. Also, certain legal disputes may be resolved in special courts that are part of federal administrative agencies.
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