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Finch's Landing is where Atticus comes from. He grew up 20 miles west of Maycomb on an old plantation that has been in his family for a few generations. It was settled by an ancestor named Simon Finch who was first involved in the fur-trapping trade. He was also an apothecary and very pious. He apparently grew anything and everything to sustain life except for ice, wheat flour and clothing. They mostly grew cotton, though, and the place was self-sufficient. The end of the Civil War destroyed the South morally and economically. When Atticus left Finch's Landing for law school, he didn't return, but settled instead in Maycomb to maintain his practice. Uncle Jack went to medical school and Aunt Alexandra married and remained on the homestead. Every Christmas is like a family reunion, though, because everyone goes to Finch's Landing to enjoy the holidays and become reacquainted.
In Chapter 1 Scout tells us that Finch’s Landing is about 20 miles from Maycomb, where the story takes place. Atticus, whose last name is Finch, comes from Finch’s Landing, the place named after his distant relative Simon Finch. Atticus left Finch’s Landing to study law and never returned. The significance of the name and place is that Atticus comes from a good family, in that they owned land and prospered, although not an aristocratic family. This means a good deal to his sister, Alexandra.
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