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Personification: Giving objects human qualities or emotions.
- "trouble deaf heaven"-- Shakespeare describes heaven as being "deaf" which normally would describe a person incapable of hearing.
- "sullen earth"-- Shakespeare characterizes the earth as being "sullen," to contrast from the joy felt by the lark at the break of day.
Simile: Comparing two unlike things using like or as.
- "like to one more rich in hope"--The speaker of the poem wishes to be like someone more optimistic, and in the next line "like him with friends possess'd." He uses the comparisons to reveal the deprivation felt by the speaker, who does not have either hope or friends.
- "like to the lark at break of day arising"--The speaker of the poem compares his state to that of the lark in cheeful song; his simile brings in the vivid imagery of the lark as well as introducing a shift in mood of the poem, transitioning from gloomy to optimistic.
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