What is a federal constitution?
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A federal constitution is one which sets up a system of federalism within a country. Federalism is a political system in which the national government and the smaller governments (states or provinces) each have their own powers that are specified by the constitution. In such a system, neither level of government has the ability to infringe on the rights of the other level of government.
In a federal system, then, certain rights and powers are given (by the constitution) to the national government and certain powers are given to the state governments. The national government does not determine what rights and powers the states have and the state governments do not determine what rights and powers the national government has. Some federal constitutions give more power to national governments and some give less, but all federal constitutions spell out the power and rights that each level of government has.
A federal constitution, then, is one like the US Constitution which gives specific rights and powers to the state governments and other rights and powers to the national government.
a Federal Constitution is the official document that is the basis of government and law in the United States.
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