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What are the factors that affect friction and how can we predict them?

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bobcat93 | Student, Grade 9 | eNotes Newbie

Posted January 30, 2009 at 9:00 AM via web

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What are the factors that affect friction and how can we predict them?

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giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted January 31, 2009 at 5:12 AM (Answer #1)

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The smoothness of the contacting surfaces influences friction. If  two surfaces are rough than if they are smooth, then is important to action witha greater force.  However, friction decreases with smoothness only to a degree; friction actually increases between two extremely smooth surfaces because of increased attractive electrostatic forces between their atoms. Friction does not depend on the amount of surface area in contact between the moving bodies or (within certain limits) on the relative speed of the bodies. It does, however, depend on the magnitude of the forces holding the bodies together. When a body is moving over a horizontal surface, it presses down against the surface with a force equal to its weight, i.e., to the pull of gravity upon it; an increase in the weight of the body causes an increase in the amount of resistance offered to the relative motion of the surfaces in contact.


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