what factors contributed to European imperialism in the 1800's



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European Imperialism during the 1800 had much to do with the economic benefits that came with creating colonies and plundering them. Many European nations wanted to maintain some sort of edge over rivals, and as nationalism increased, the pressure to be “the best nation” spurred many countries on to establish colonies in African, Asia and the South Pacific.

In order to obtain raw materials needed for production, European countries began exporting them from their colonies. Many of these colonies were held in place by puppet regimes loyal to the European power that really ran the show. These materials helped transform Europe into the manufacturing center of the world in the 1800’s.


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