To what extent is dukkha central to the beliefs and practices of Buddhism?
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I feel - any dukkha (suffering or pain) is practices of Spritualism ultimately . And Pain is the only path to get towards sprituality.
The Buddha taught there are three main categories of dukkha. These are:
- Suffering or pain (dukkha-dukkha)
- Impermanence or change (viparinama-dukkha)
- Conditioned states (samkhara-dukkha)
The Buddha's first sermon after his Enlightenment centered on the Four Noble Truths, which are the foundation of Buddhism. The truths are:
- The truth of suffering (dukkha)
- The truth of the cause of suffering (samudaya)
- The truth of the end of suffering (nirhodha)
- The truth of the path that frees us from suffering (magga) .
The search for a spiritual path is born out of suffering. It does not start with lights and ecstasy, but with the struggle of pain, disappointment, and confusion. The four nobel truth are the foundation and it has to trigger inner realization.
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