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While it is difficult to generalize about the experiences of any immigrant groups, it is accurate to say that both Jewish American and Italian Americans were part of the flood of "new immigrants" that came to the United States during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Again, speaking generally, a major difference was that Jewish immigrants largely came from eastern Europe, especially Russia. They were fleeing civil and political discrimination and violent pogroms. Italian immigrants, on the other hand, were largely fleeing poor economic conditions, specifically depressed agricultural prices. Both Jewish and Italian immigrants concentrated in large cities, especially New York, where they formed ethnic enclaves and found work in a variety of industries. They were both associated with political radicalism, including communism and anarchism, and both faced extreme discrimination, or nativism. Both were thus the targets of the immigration quota acts passed in the 1920s.
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