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William Shakespeare's play Macbeth is filled with examples of literary devices. The following literary devices are found in Act V, scene viii.
Metaphor: A comparison between two, typically, dissimilar things (not using the words "like" or "as" to make the comparison).
- "Why should I play the Roman fool and die" (1). Here, Macbeth states that he would not be a Roman fool and commit suicide as Roman fool would.
- "Turn, hell hound, turn!" (4). Here, Macduff is comparing Macbeth to a hell hound. By calling Macbeth a "hell hound," Macduff is saying that Macbeth reminds him of this creature known to live in hell and behave evilly.
Alliteration: Alliteration is the repetition of a consonant found within a line of poetry.
- "But get thee back; my soul is too much charged" (6). Here, the "b" sound in "but" and "back" are repeated. Also, the "m" sound in "my" and "much" are repeated.
- "Than terms can give thee out!" (10). Here, the "th" sound in "than" and "thee" are repeated.
Kenning: A kenning is typically found in Anglo-Saxon texts. This literary device is a two word phrase which elevates the imagery and language of the text.
- "Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier's debt" (44). Here, the kenning "soldier's debt" refers to death.
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