What events occurred in the American colonies during 1769?
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In Colonial America in 1769, there was much unrest. In fact in the following year in March, the Boston Massacre took place. This occurrence was a result of the anger of Bostonians over the taxes being imposed upon the colonies. When an incensed group of colonists gathered before the customs houses that were guarded by British soldiers, a young Bostonian hurled insults; then, a sentry responded by smashing the man's head with his rifle butt. The victim ran from the scene, church bells tolled, and 400 howling citizens protested. Suddenly, a soldier fired, called to the others and the thirteen-man squadron opened fire, wounding several and killing two.
On May 17, 1769, George Washington lauched a legislative salvo at Great Britain's fiscal and judicial attempts to maintain control of the American colonies., bringing a package of resolutions to the Virginia House of Burgesses. These resolutions, which were largely in response to the Townsend Acts of 1767, decried the plan of Parliament to send colonial dissenters to England for trial. During a makeshift meeting, several of the southern colonies growing tobacco gave their support to the non-importation resolutions. In this way, these colonies demonstrated support to Massachusetts, the primary target of Britain's crackdown, where violent protests had led to a military occupation beginning on October 1, 1768. This occupation is what prompted Thomas Paine's famous "Crisis No.1" and the colonists call to freedom.
In 1769 Daniel Boone left North Carolina for Kentucky where he opened up new trails. Later, in 1775, he was the leader of a team that clared a road from Virginia to central Kentucky, which became the major route for westward migration.
During this time period, things were building in the American colonies that would eventually lead to the American Revolution. Specifically in 1769, George Mason of Virginia spearheaded the Virginia Resolves, a series of resolutions that expressed the colonists' outrage at the Stamp Act of 1765 (whereby taxes were imposed on the colonies without their approval - "taxation without representation" was the cry). All documents that required an official stamp were taxed. This was done by England to pay off the costs of the French and Indian War, which England claimed was for the protection of its colonies. Further, the Sons of Liberty organized nonimportation associations which encouraged merchants to boycott British goods. Both British and colonial merchants suffered from this, and it was hoped that this would put pressure on Parliament to do away with some of the taxes the colonies thought were unfair.
Basically, this time period was characterized by events that increased hostilities between the colonies and "the mother country" and the 13 colonies became more united under the common bond of outrage against England.
During the spring of 1769, the Virginia House of Burgesses passed resolutions condemning the British siege of Boston, and further asserted that only the Virginia legislature has the authority to tax Virginians. This was in protest to the Townsend Acts (1767) which taxed colonists on various items. In addition, the House drafted a formal letter of protest to King George.
In May, the British Royal Governor of Virginia dissolved the House of Burgesses. In response, George Washington proposed what becomes known as the Virginia Association, which called for the complete boycott of all British imports. By year's end 6 colonies boycott; it then extends to boycotting all businesses within the colonies who continue to import British goods.
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