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Windsor castle was originally a Norman castle built as a Motte and Bailey by William the Conqueror. It was built in order to oversee the River Thames, the main river that goes through the centre of London. It was designed to protect Norman dominance on the outskirts of London, guard western approaches to the capital and protect trade into the centre. From the perspective of William the Conqueror the site had much to commend it as it was high above the Thames, making it a strong vantage point with visability of all those approaching London. It was also sited next to a Saxon hunting ground, so held a message to the Saxons as to who the new person in charge was. It was an occupying force and needed to establish control. CAstles were defensive fortifications, they were bases for the army who held the area and kept the 'kings peace.' Economic activity can only prosper in areas of peace where they are are allowed to develop. Therefore London as the capital ciy was vital for future prosperity and protecting the city was essential. That is why Windsor castle was located where it was.
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