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Movements like the ones you mentioned tried to help farmers by pushing for regulation of businesses like the railroads and by trying to give the farmers more power in the market economy.
The Grange, for example, tried to get farmers to pool their resources and buy and sell cooperatively. If they would all buy together, they might get better deals from the firms that were selling things like fertilizer and plows.
As another example, both the Grange and the Populists pushed for regulation of railroad rates. They didn't want the railroads to be able to (in their eyes) overcharge farmers for hauling produce to market.
These movements, then, were generally aimed at trying to help the farmers to avoid being exploited by big businesses.
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