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This was what Banquo said to Macbeth, on observing his startled reaction to the Witches' prophecies that were made on the deserted heath, after the 'hurly burly was done,' the battle was won.
The Witches' has prophecised Macbeth to become the Thane of Cowdor and the 'King hereafter', those were two promotions at the same time! These fortunate and good promotions were what Banquo said sounded 'so fair'. 'Why do you start, seem to fear' is a reference to his worried, anxiety-ridden expression, his thoughtful face, which was given rise to because Macbeth's ambitious nature had always dreamt of becoming the King of Scotland, but having the 'agents of devil' tell him that it was an actual possibility, was what shocked him beyond reality.
The literary device used is alliteration (repetition of initial consanant sounds) with the repeated "s" sounds: sir, start, seem, sound, so. The next step is to consider what symbolic meaning (if any) could be conveyed, and in this case, one would think of a snake, or serpent, in that they make that sound. This fits with the context of the play, in that there is evil all around as the weird sisters give their prophecies and the seed of Macbeth's demise is planted.
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