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What does this mean and how do I do it? I have a test tomorrow and I don't understand...

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madikarrots | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 19, 2013 at 4:55 PM via web

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What does this mean and how do I do it? I have a test tomorrow and I don't understand this... 

Give  the  general  formula  and  class  of  organic  compounds  for  each  of  the  following:  

CH3—OH ; CH3—O—CH3  

 

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sciencesolve | Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

Posted May 19, 2013 at 5:27 PM (Answer #1)

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The compound `CH_3OH` represents an alcohol called methanol. The general formula of an alcohol is given by the following relation, such that:

`R-OH` (alkyl  `R` + hydroxyl group `OH` )

The alkyl in` CH_3 OH` is methyl `CH_3` and the name methanol is given by the root methane, where the end -e is replaced by the suffix -ol.

Methanol is also called methyl alcohol and it belongs to the class of organic compounds containing oxygen, alcohols. The other member of the alcohol class is called ethanol  and its formula is `CH_3 CH_2` `OH` .

The next organic compound `CH_3-O-CH_3` is called dimethyl ether also belongs to the class of organic compounds containing oxygen called ethers. This general formula of the members of this class is `R-O-R` .

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