What does Quran say about mathematics?

A friend of mine says that Quran has information about mathematics, but he is unable to provide an exzmple. I'm looking for something like Chronicles 4:2 from the Old Testament, which suggests a Bronze Age approximation for the value of the ratio of circumference to diameter.

"He made the Sea of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubits from rim to rim and five cubits[a] high. It took a line of thirty cubits to measure around it.**"**

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Right now I think that Quran has nothing to say abou math, but it does mention numbers.

Sura 2 has two angels, seven hevans, forty nights, and a thousand years.

Sura 2 also mentions zakat and qibla. Zakat is charity, which as I understand is one requirement of a pillar of Islam. Qibla is the direction toward the Grand Mosque at Makkah. Calculation of zakat and qibla would have been reason for early Islamic scholar to study math.

Sura 4 has rule for inheritance. Different heirs get different shares, with fractions like 1/8, 1/6, 1/4, 1/2, or 2/3 of an estate.

Along with zakat and qibla, the rules for inheritance must have been a reason for early interest in mathematics. Sometimes the shares did not sum to 100%, so that must have added confusion to the process.

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