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In The Praise of Folly, Erasmus takes the excesses of much of early sixteenth-century society to task. This being said, Erasmus levies his harshest criticism on theologians and monks. He argues that theologians occupy their times with useless questions, particularly those that spring from the concerns of the Scholastic tradition. In the text, Folly views theologians who preoccupied themselves with attempts to provide a rational framework for religious concerns as exercising folly. From this, Folly concludes that theologians who exercise a simpler form of piety are the most praiseworthy because they do not abandon their humility for intellectual pride. Preserving religious mysteries rather than selfishly seeking to solve them approaches the true role of religion. For Folly, religion is experiential, not academic.
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