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In this part of The Old Man and the Sea the old man is closely assessing the weather conditions around him. Santiago has analyzed everything from the pattern of the birds flying, to the way that the fish are jumping around. His connection to nature is so acute that he can already predict what will happen, what causes it, and the results of it.
Santiago now focuses on the wind. He can see the clouds forming, the direction to which the birds are going, and the direction of the breeze.
He looked at the sky and saw the white cumulus built like friendly piles of ice cream and high above were the thin feathers of the cirrus against the high September sky.
"Light brisa," he said. "Better weather for me than for you, fish."
He concludes that there is no hurricane coming. Moreover, he is enjoying the peaceful surroundings, and the breeze is a welcome addition. When he tells the fish that the light breeze is better weather for him than for the fish he is actually being humorous: he is saying basically that the weather is on his side, so he is going to be safe fishing. Contrastingly, the fish are not as safe because he is out there looking for them. In other hands, Santiago has now the upper hand.
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