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I would agree that the ability to reason is what makes us different from other animals. This topic always makes me think of Richard Connell's short story The Most Dangerous Game. General Zaroff chooses to hunt men because they are able to reason, something animals cannot do. In the end, his reasoning backfires and Rainsford's superior reasoning skills allow him to defeat Zaroff.
People used to believe in a concept called The Great Chain of Being, which ranked different kinds of existence, including God, angels, humans, animals, plants, and non-living matter. According to this concept, humans differed crucially from animals in their ability to reason. In Milton's Paradise Lost, Adam asks God to create Eve so that he can enjoy the company of someone who is equal to him in intelligence and in the ability to reason. Throughout western tradition, reason has long been considered the trait that differentiates us from other creatures.
So, to add to the discussion, I'll suggest that a sense of humor contributes to making us unique from other forms of animal life. Obviously, there are many different types of humor and not all types are appreciated by all people. But I think the ability to laugh and to appreciate the comic aspects of life's events and the statements of others is an important saving grace among healthy persons.
What really makes us human is the degree of our intelligence and our ability to think. There is not really much in the way of things that we can do that no other animal can do at all. The major difference is in how we are able to do so many things so well. For example, there are other animals that can use tools, but only we can make tools that are able to be used for all kinds of different purposes. We are able, where other animals are not, to take information and put it together in new ways. Basically, we are much smarter than other animals. They have narrow and shallow intelligence. We have intelligence that is deep and broad.
What makes us human is to respect human race with their merits and demerits without having any sense of guilt or fault but watching various qualities in them.
Actually, nobody does anything wrong. Everybody thinks his actions will yield good result. Evidently, people like us who think having knowledge find faults with them. Judge them as right and wrong.
In a nut shell, having quality to accept all of all is the quality of human.
I think we are more inteligent than animals, but we also have the ability to cause the end of the world. After all, we invented the nuclear bomb, and we are causing much pollution. So in a way, we are both the best and the worst things to happen to Earth.
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