What do we learn about Juliet from her speech in Act 2, Scene 2 of Romeo and Juliet?

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Noelle Thompson | High School Teacher | eNotes Employee

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Although Juliet gives quite a few "speeches" in Act 2, Scene 2 or Romeo and Juliet, I will focus on the scene as a whole so as not to leave anything out.  That being said, here is my answer:

The reader learns that Juliet is in love with Romeo (and in love enough to deny her family's age-old feud) and that she is also a bit fickle.  Who could deny Juliet's love for Romeo after hearing her "What's in a name?" speech?!?

O Romeo, Romeo!  wherefore art thou Romeo? / Deny thy father and refuse thy name! / Or, if thou wild not, be but sworn my love, / And I'll no longer be a Capulet. (2.2.35-38)

Ah, but there is more here than just love.  In saying this, Juliet discounts the age-old feud that both families have adhered to for generations.  Ironically, by bypassing the guards and eavesdropping by Juliet's private chamber all the while knowing Juliet is indeed a Capulet, proves that Romeo has also discounted this age-old feud.  I find it just as interesting that Juliet later addresses Romeo as "fair Montague" (2.2.103), and have always laughed thinking about Tybalt's reaction if he could have been in earshot. 

Now I have to enter into a more controversial arena, in that Juliet can also be described as fickle in this scene.  Yes, Juliet wants a true declaration of love from Romeo:  "If thou dost love, prounouce it faithfully" (2.2.99).  However, as soon as Romeo begins his pronouncement as faithfully as he can muster he is met with this statement:

Well, do not swear.  Although I joy in thee, / I have no joy of this contract tonight.  It is too rash, too unadvised, to sudden; / Too like the lightning.  (2.2.123-126)

What!?!  She just asked for Romeo to "pronounce it faithfully"!?!  Even Romeo gets a bit miffed and says, "O, wilt thou leave me so unsatisfied?" (2.2.132).  Ha!  Just like a girl, that Juliet.

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