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The stories have many themes in common. In terms of identity, the stories are all examples of conforming to what you see every day, what is common practice, and what is expected. In "The Lesson", the children have never known anything outside of what they grew up with. It is not until they see that there is something outside of poverty and ignorance that they realize the various possibilities of life. Some of the children will resist the change because it will go against their identity and what they see in the community.
"Good Country People" also shows that people are accepted if they appear to conform to a stereotype. Because the salesman carries around a case of bibles and gives the appearance of being a normal country man, he is not perceived to be a threat. He gains instant acceptance because his "identity" is that of the communities he invades.
"The Lottery" revolves around identity, as well. Other villages have discontinues the ritual killings, yet this village refuses. They do not want change because there is comfort in tradition.
In all the stories, there is at least one character who voices an opinion that goes against the tradition and identity of the community. That voice is always met with resistance.
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