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What are the differences and similarities between plants and animal cells?

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kate199 | Student, Grade 11 | eNotes Newbie

Posted January 19, 2010 at 8:30 AM via web

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What are the differences and similarities between plants and animal cells?

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mkcapen1 | Middle School Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted January 19, 2010 at 11:32 AM (Answer #1)

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Plant cells and animal cells have some things in common and some differences. 

Differences: Plant cells have centrioles or intermediate filaments.  They also have a more square shape and contain chloroplasts. Plants have a cell wall that is made up of fibrils of cellulose.  Plants and animal cells divide to form new cells.  Plant cells produce their own food or energy.  Animal cells must obtain food from a source outside of the body.

Alike: Plant and animal cells have a plasma membrane, a nucleus, a nucleolus, mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic recticulum, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi apparatus, peroxisomes, and microtubles.

Plants and animal cells divide to form new cells. 

 

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rchlcatron | Middle School Teacher | eNotes Newbie

Posted January 20, 2010 at 3:52 PM (Answer #2)

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To add to mkcapen1's response, the cell wall surrounding plant cells provides them with extra support and the chloroplasts contain a green pigment known as chlorophyll which plays a role in the plant's ability to undergo photosynthesis.  Chlorophyll converts the energy in sunlight to chemical energy which is used to convert Carbon Dioxide and Water into Oxygen (the waste product) and Glucose (a type of sugar).  This sugar is then utilized by the mitochondria to power the other activities that take place within the cell.  As mkcapen1 noted, animals must obtain this glucose from a food source.  Most plant cells also have a large central vacuole that acts as a storage tank.  Some animal cells contain vacuoles too, however, they are much smaller than those found in plant cells.  Animal cells also contain centrioles which play an important role during cell division.  Spindle fibers are produced by these structures which are responsible for pulling chromatids to opposite sides of the cell during mitosis and meiosis. 

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versatilekamini | College Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted January 20, 2010 at 4:11 PM (Answer #3)

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The living organisms are divided into two basic categories depending upon the presence or absence of nuclear envelope- (1) the prokaryotes and (2) the eukaryotes. The organisms included under prokaryotes lack an organised nucleus with definite nuclear envelope whereas those included under eukaryotes possess definite nucleus. Plant cells also are different from animal cells because they use photosynthesis to covert sunlight into needed food for the plant.

Both animal and plant cells have some similar structural elements. First off they are both eukaryotic, which means they have a defined nucleus. The nucleus contains chromosomes. It is protected and surrounded by the cytoplasm, which is a watery or gel-like liquid. Animal and plant cells have a cell membrane that surrounds the cell.

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haseeb321 | Student, Grade 9 | eNoter

Posted August 3, 2011 at 9:23 PM (Answer #4)

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plant and animal cells similarities;they both have cell membrane. they both have nucleus.they have ribsomes

 

differnces;plants has only one big vacuole but animals have small vacuoles and there are many vacuoles.Plant cells produce their own food or energy.  Animal cells must obtain food from a source outside of the body.

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jess1999 | Student, Grade 9 | Valedictorian

Posted June 17, 2014 at 6:23 AM (Answer #5)

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The difference of plants and animals cells is that plants have a cell wall surrounding the cell hence giving it a squarish rectangular shape. Plants also contain plastids while it is absent in animal cells. Most importantly plants cells are able to go through photosynthesis.

The similarities are that both cells do have cytoplasm, nucleus, ribosomes, mitochondria, and much more.

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atyourservice | Student, Grade 10 | Valedictorian

Posted July 30, 2014 at 6:15 AM (Answer #6)

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Plant cells have a rectangular shape.

Plant cells have centrioles.

Plants cells are able to go through photosynthesis.

Plant cells have pastids. 

A similarity would be:

They both have a nucleus, and a mitochondria.

they both have a membrane.

And they both have a cytoplasm.

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parama9000 | Student, Grade 11 | Valedictorian

Posted July 31, 2014 at 2:04 PM (Answer #7)

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Difference: Plant cells have chloroplasts in some cases, and all plant cells have cell walls.

Similarities: Both types of cells have a cell membrane, nucleus and cytoplasm.

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strwbrry16 | TA , Grade 5 | Honors

Posted October 22, 2014 at 9:40 AM (Answer #8)

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Plant and animal cells have several differences and similarities. For example, animal cells do not have a cell wall or chloroplasts but plant cells do. Animal cells are round and irregular in shape while plant cells have fixed, rectangular shapes.

This link will help you even further. :)

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