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Testosterone vs. androgenWhat are the differences and similarities between the hormone...

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happyangel4real | Student, Undergraduate | Honors

Posted November 29, 2011 at 11:35 AM via web

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Testosterone vs. androgen

What are the differences and similarities between the hormone Testosterone and an androgen?

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marbar57 | Elementary School Teacher | (Level 3) Associate Educator

Posted November 30, 2011 at 10:48 AM (Answer #1)

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Testosterone is a hormone used to regulate a host of bodily functions in vertebrates.  Is testosterone different from an androgen?  No, it is a type of androgen called a steroid hormone. 

An androgen is simply any hormone (natural or synthetic) that causes male tendencies, both internally and externally.  However, it is not confined solely to the man.  There are amounts found in the female reproductive organs and adrenal glands (but only about 30% that found in the male body) that contribute to normal bodily functions. 

Testosterone has two effects upon the body:  anabolic and virilizing.  Anabolic has to do with protein utilization, bone growth, and muscle mass.  Virilizing (androgenic) has to do with the development and maturation of the male sex organs, facial and body hair, and the changes in the vocal cords (deepening of the voice) and the "Adam's Apple."

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