What is the difference between spinning and weaving?
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Spinning and weaving are two steps in the production of textiles. The most basic difference between them is their process and purpose. Spinning is the process of making thread out of raw fibers. Weaving is the process of taking threads and making them into cloth.
To make threads, a person would need to take the raw materials (wool or cotton, for example) and spin them. This was done with a spindle or distaff in ancient times and then eventually through the use of a spinning wheel.
But that only gives you a single thread. In order to make cloth, many threads must be woven together. This process requires a loom. In weaving, a single thread is interlaced over and over again with a set of threads that run the other way. When this has been done enough times, the result is a piece of woven cloth.
So spinning is an earlier step in textile production--the purpose is the making of thread. Weaving is a later step--the purpose is the making of cloth.
Spinning and weaving are two steps in the production of textiles. However, the differences lie in the raw material used, process and end product. Spinning produces thread, starting with plant products (say, cotton or flax) and animal products (say, wool or silk) or synthetic material; and the process of spinning may include carding, combing and rowing. Weaving uses the finished thread or yarn available at the end of the spinning process and converts it into cloth. The spinning process makes use of a spindle or wheel, while weaving requires a loom. A textile mill may incorporate either of the two: spinning or weaving or both of them, thus leading to a composite mill. Both spinning and weaving generate finished products that are sold in the market.
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