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What is the difference between a short story and a novel? Thank you!
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High School Teacher
While this might seem obvious, the basic answer is length. The link below will explain more detailed, but because a short story is shorter than a novel, there are many things that end up different. The protagonist in a short story often doesn't experience any major change. They are quickly personified in the beginning and often remain static for the duration of the story. In a novel, our characters often experience some great (or small) change in thought, belief, etc. In a short story, all action usually builds to one event. In a novel, there can be multiple plot lines intertwined with multiple conflicts. In a short story, the number of smaller events that lead up to a conflict or toward resolution are often limited. With the extra length in a novel, that "build-up" and "let-down" period can include many, many events.
Hope that helped.
Posted by mrerick on May 23, 2007 at 11:07 PM (Answer #1)
Consider also that an author has chosen to the short story format over the novel format. Authors make these decisions for very specific reasons. Edgar Allen Poe, often considered the father of the short story, stated in the Philosophy of Composition that the most powerful expression of emotion must be experienced in one sitting. To interrupt the reading is to take away from the impact of the emotion and or message. With that in mind, the short story author, like the poet, is typically much more concerned with the human emotional experience as opposed to the human social and/or philosophical experience.
In order to accomplish this goal, short story authors will often leave off one part or over-emphasize one part of the plot structure. A typical plot involves exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. Some stories, like the classic The Lady or the Tiger will completely ignore resolution in order to empasize exposition, and therefore characters. The story isn't about what happens, its about what the characters experience. Sonny's Blues is another great example of this emphasis on exposition. Other stories will skip exposition all together, giving no background to the characters, which allows the readers to focus on conflict. Hemingway's Hills are like White Elephants is a great example of this.
Therefore, a reader of short stories, as opposed to novels, should consider where the author chooses to focus the little space he has.
Posted by sullymonster on May 23, 2007 at 11:47 PM (Answer #2)
Obviously, the lenght, is the difference between a novel and a shortstory. Shortstory,is a form of fictional prose that ranges from 500-2,000 words and 50-100 pages that contain major events of a literary work. On the other hand, Novel is also a form of prose that has a range of 2,000-10,000 words. Unlike shortstory that deals with major events, it deals with the elaborate sense of a literary work containing both major and minor events that could be found in any literary work.
Posted by walefilip on April 5, 2009 at 6:59 PM (Answer #3)
Middle School Teacher
A short story is a fictional prose narrative shorter and more focussed than a novel ,usually deal with a single charecter.
A novel is a fictional prose narrative of considerable length,usually having a plot that unfolds by actions,dilogue and thoughts of the varied charecters.
Posted by tabieric on August 19, 2009 at 5:08 PM (Answer #4)
in novel they are many chariecer
read novej take more time
Posted by shfaq on April 15, 2010 at 5:03 AM (Answer #6)
Posted by lil-lizard on June 7, 2011 at 6:45 PM (Answer #7)
In many short stories are in one sitting, which means you would read it withoud having to go and have a break, and can often be read quikly. Uually short stories arn't well developed and only have one conflict. They also finish right at the climax. With one type of view and the fisrt sentence indicates the theme and whats the story is going to be about. Hope this helped
Posted by kimberly1410 on June 14, 2011 at 9:10 PM (Answer #8)
Edgar Allan Poe has been called the father of the modern short story. He defined the short story as a short prose narrative designed to produce a "single effect." He used the word "effect" frequently. It means about the same thing as the "feeling" the reader is left with at the end of the story. Poe's own stories often have the effect of horror.
A novel is not confined to producing a single effect. Typically it is broken up into chapters, and these chapters can have their own effects. Because a novel is longer than a short story, the author will usually try to provide variety by shifting scenes and switching from one character's point of view to another's. The author of a novel does not expect his work to be read in a single sitting; therefore he knows he is going to have to keep recapturing the reader's interest, getting his reader re-involved with his characters and their problems.
A lot of people like to read a chapter a night before falling asleep. This means the author might have to expect some of his readers to take several weeks to finish his book.
Posted by billdelaney on November 14, 2012 at 4:25 PM (Answer #9)
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Basically, the length is the major difference. In short stories, 'consiseness' is there, but in the contrary, in novels scenes and things are well described. Usually short stories contain one setting and one plot whereas in novels there are multiples. When it comes to the no. of characters, there are a lot of characters involved in a novel, but a short story is confined to a limited number ber of characters.
So because of the above reasons, novel takes time to finish but short story can be read at once.
Posted by sesh on November 21, 2012 at 4:49 AM (Answer #10)
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Despite its length, Short story is more basic. The protagonist in the short story doesn't really face many changes. While in a novel, the protagonist learns it lesson, starts developing more. In a novel we see everything, what the author is trying to convey to the readers. In a novel, the plot is more clear and more explanatory, while in a short story the plot is basic. A novel has more literary device, for example metaphor, personification, simile. Most importantly, symbolisms. The symbolisms in a novel is big and it connects to the theme. A novel portrays not only one theme but many. A novel and A short story share many similarities but a novel is more complex.
Posted by Yojana_Thapa on January 25, 2014 at 9:05 PM (Answer #11)
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Short story is basic while a novel will portray more themes, and will have greater complexity, and is always longer.
Posted by parama9000 on January 30, 2014 at 7:54 AM (Answer #12)
Short story focuses on one event and its direct surroundings like what just had happened in the story and what was the result of that particular event only. It centers in a single happening and once it ends it is also the ending of the story. On the other hand, novel can widen the range or the scope of a story into multiple events. The story can be diverted into many focuses and it can shift away from one event to another.
In terms of their length, of course, novel is more lengthy than short story.
Posted by yukyukco on February 26, 2014 at 7:47 AM (Answer #13)
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