What is the difference between rhetorical and literary devices,
and what are some examples for both of them?
the Summer homework i have to do says "based on the rhetoical device ..." and the next question ask " based on the literay devices...."
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Authors use rhetorical devices mainly for persuasion. Rhetorical devices include repetition, emotional/logical appeal, irony, rhetorical question (a question that is meant to provoke thought, not an answer), parallelism (repetition of sentence structure), hyperbole (exaggeration), and compare/contrast. Rhetorical devices are important in political documents such as the Declaration of Independence and persuasive speeches.
Literary devices are also important in persuasion, but the list is a little broader. The purpose of a literary device is to bring meaning to a text and basically tell a story. There are dozens of literary devices, including alliteration, foreshadowing, flashback, allusion, metaphor, oxymoron, personification, and symbolism.
Rhetorical devices are more about the author's feeling toward a subject and his or her use of persuasion, while literary devices are more about telling a story.
Rhetorical devices are used to convey a particular meaning with the aim of persuasion or provoking an argument about a topic. These devices are mostly used in an argumentative or oratory environment were eloquence is necessary. Rhetorical devices are not strongly guided by grammatical mechanics but are mainly concerned with arrangement, style, delivery, memory and invention. These devices include sarcasm, metaphors and irony among other constructs. For instance a statement by Abraham Lincoln when he stated that his political rival "dived down deeper into the sea of knowledge and come up drier than any other man he knew” is well placed to show use of rhetorical devices. This statement uses both irony and a metaphor to persuade the audience that the rival did not benefit from education.
Literary devices are used to simply convey information to an audience and assist in the analysis, interpretation and appreciation of literature. Examples of literary devices include plot which is the consistent sequence of events that determines a story. Mood is another literary device that points to the atmosphere of the story. Another example of a literary device is oxymoron. For instance in the phrase “terribly beautiful” the two words are used together to add emphasis but refer to each others opposite meaning.
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